The Lisbon Agreement

The purpose of the agreements is to create a Special Union under Article 19 of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property (1883). [2] Some aspects of the agreement have been replaced by the agreement on trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights. The Lisbon Convention on the Protection of Names of Origin and their International Registration, signed on 31 October 1958, ensures that Member States protect appellations of origin when they are protected in their country of origin. It contains provisions relating to what is considered a designation of origin, safeguards and establishes an international register of origin maintained by the World Intellectual Property Organization. The agreement came into force in 1966 and was revised in Stockholm (1967) and amended in 1979 and 2015. Since May 2015, 30 states have been parties to the convention and 1,000 appellations of origin have been registered. [1] The treaty introduces an exit clause for members who wish to withdraw from the Union. The procedure is thus formalised by finding that a Member State must inform the European Council before it can end its accession and a withdrawal agreement would then be negotiated between the Union and that State, the treaties no longer apply to that State from the date of the agreement or, if not, within two years of notification. There have been several cases where a region is no longer part of the Community, such as. B Greenland in 1985, when no Member State had left the Community at the time of ratification of the Lisbon Treaty. Before the Lisbon Treaty came into force, it was not clear whether a Member State had a legal right to leave the EU. On 30 March 2017, the United Kingdom announced its intention to leave the European Union.

[55] After negotiating a Brexit withdrawal agreement, the UK left the EU on 31 January 2020. The President of the European Council is appointed by qualified majority of the European Council for a two-and-a-half-year term. A president may be re-elected once again and removed under the same voting procedure. Unlike the post of President of the European Commission, the appointment of the President of the European Council should not reflect the composition of the European Parliament. [45] The President`s work includes coordinating the work of the European Council, organising its meetings and reporting on its work in the European Parliament at the end of each session. This makes the President the linchpin of negotiations to reach an agreement at the European Councils, which has become a heavier task with the successive enlargement of the EU to 28 Member States. The President also chairs informal summits of the 19 Member States that use the euro as currency. In addition, the President of the Union may represent foreign affairs on foreign policy and security issues where such representation is required at the level of heads of state or government (bilateral summits and G8/G20). During the June session, the name “amendment treaty” also emerged, which ultimately clarified that the constitutional approach had been abandoned. From a technical point of view, it was agreed that the Amending Treaty would amend both the Treaty on the European Union (TUE) and the Treaty establishing the European Community (TCE) in such a way that it would contain most of the provisions of the European Constitution, but would not consolidate them into a single document.

In addition, it was agreed to rename the Treaty establishing the European Community, which is the main functional agreement with most of the material provisions of European primary law, as a `treaty on the functioning of the Union`. Furthermore, it was agreed that, unlike the European Constitution, in which a Charter is part of the document, only the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union is referred to in order to make this text legally binding. [17] After the Council, Poland said it wanted to reopen some areas.

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