after staining wood do you have to seal it

Join My Woodworking Facebook Group. Some stains come with a combined sealer, but multiple applications of a separate product after the staining is a better method, especially for something that will get as much wear as a table top. This is your guide to sealing your stain after you create your color layer on your project. Most clear finishes are available in gloss, semi-gloss and satin sheens. I love staining wood. 1 0. After Staining Wood do You Have to Seal It? That means that it has no primer, paint, or finish of any kind on it. Allow the stain to dry 6 to 8 hours. In this case, consider applying a pre-stain wood conditioner, which seeps into the wood fibers to seal the material and prevent the uneven absorption that causes blotching. Staining and finishing wood is an easy way to make it beautiful and durable for any project. Brush on wood conditioner prior to staining. It may need two coats. Stain on its own is, to a degree, a sealer for wood. Apply the stain to the wood liberally with a sponge or soft cloth. Then, beginning on one side of the piece, start painting the stain on in the direction of the wood grain. Basically, conditioner will stabilize the wood to allow stain to penetrate more evenly. If you do decide to color your wood, there are several options. Yes! Major upgrade! First, let’s talk about how sanding can affect wood when you do it between coats of stain or right before a coat of stain. This also makes it stick out from other examples, and that can be a negative if people notice there’s no sealer in place. Your color would look a little different, but that might be OK for you. ... Wood Stain Colors You Will Love. All you need to do is spread an even layer on the surface. Then wiping off the excess and if needed, lightly sanding with a fine grade sand paper if you experience any grain raising. No spam; unsubscribe anytime. make sure that you do one section at a time. These aerosols just work better. You can read more about that here. i personally like to start with the most noticeable sections first. Do not use shellac with NGR or water-base stains. Read about the differences between polyurethane and polycrylic. 4. Make sure to read that last sentence carefully. If you're cleaning a wood deck or patio, your best option may be a power washer. On top of your time there’s an additional expense in product. The final step in staining wood is to wipe off any excess, so the process leaves nothing behind. Work in manageable areas. Follow the grain of the wood. for example a table top, desk top, or sides of a piece, etc. After the stain has dried, it’s time for the first finishing coat. Choosing a sheen is a matter of personal preference. However, an unfinished stain will lack some things that you might really like to see. Pro tip: An inexpensive turkey baster is a great tool for measuring small amounts of finish and mineral spirits. One side effect is the stain color will be lighter than when used on unconditioned wood. You’ll have to … Applying a topcoat sealer is not required, but a finish protects the stained wood from scratches and keeps it from fading over time. 1 decade ago. You’ll have to maintain your decking from time to time. In general, applying a sealer to your stain after you’re finished is definitely the better of the two choices. If you plan to finish the piece with polyurethane, make sure the sealer is compatible. If it it very cold, hot, or humid, wait up to 72 hours. People often use the word “staining” interchangeably with finishing or sealing, which technically isn’t correct. DO wait 30 days before sealing a new deck. Another option that you have to apply a sealer over your wood stain is to use sprays. Even water will make a dark spot on unproctected wood. If you plan to finish the piece with polyurethane, make sure the sealer is compatible. Do not use shellac with NGR or water-base stains. 5. After smoothing the stained wood, apply a sealer coat of thinned shellac, sanding sealer, or other appropriate sealer. How to Make Jersey Headbands. Before we get right into it, you should know the following, if you’re looking to stain and seal brand new wood on your deck: There are two main schools of thought on the best way to stain a new deck. However, if you wish to skip the topcoat, you can. Varnishes protect with a thin coating. Gel stains also minimize blotching. Gift Ideas. Your colors will look better after you apply a clear coat, and the dullness will go away. I put this on my Ikea Rast dresser to upgrade it. See Also: Minwax ® Interior Finishing System. Second, over a short period of time, the oil will accelerate the bleaching process so that you get the weathered look faster and with more uniform results The fully uniform weathered effect, though, will take between three and six months to develop. If you use a gel stain, you can apply it without needing a conditioner. For example, the piece I’m working with for this post will be the new top to an Ikea dresser. In terms of sealing finish, Ready Seal Exterior Wood Stain and Sealer product provide a smooth coat. Using a Pre-Stain Wood Conditioner . Whether you choose to stain your wood project or not, it is important that you protect the wood with a clear finish, such as polyurethane. Saturate the wood with stain by brushing a liberal coat quickly over the entire surface. Those bubbles drive me insane ;) Hope to see it on your Ikea dresser. Just dip the rag in the stain and wipe it on the piece!). Explore these four great wood stain colors that work with a wide variety of materials, to find the best one for your deck. Couple of suggestions. The polyurethane with smooth it out further as you apply additional coats. Put on rubber gloves and open a can of oil-based penetrating stain. Be sure to use thin coats of stain, and wipe dry after 5-10 minutes. This removes any excess stain. This photo shows the wet stain on the deck floor. It could be simple rattle cans with a good product inside. Obviously right out of the gate there’s an increase in your time commitment, because there’s more steps involved in using the clear coat. Some hardwoods will "close up" and hardly except your stain if you sand all the way to 220 grit. Follow the grain of the wood. Sandpaper comes in grades (or grits). // Need some guidance on how to properly seal your deck after staining? The higher the number, the finer the grade. If the piece is strictly artistic, like a carving, no varnish is really necessary unless you prefer that look. Drying time varies according to the types of stain, the surrounding environment, the nature of wood pieces, as well as the stain thickness. After removing the sap build up, use an appropriate primer/sealer to seal in the sap affected areas. The answer is yes, you can do some light sanding between coats of stain for a better finish, but it is not necessary. If you like woodworking projects that involve staining, check out my doll house book case build plans, my DIY paver and wood outdoor coffee table, and our AC unit screen. Applying exterior wood stain to an entry door, porch deck, or railing is the decorative aspect of the finish. If applying a polyurethane finish with a brush, apply one to two coats. differences between polyurethane and polycrylic, Miscellaneous: Drop cloth for work area, screw driver to open cans and stir, disposable gloves. Stains Explained . It’s actually pretty easy to do this process. I receive Commissions for Purchases Made Through the Links in This Post. I like to wait 24-48 hours to let the stain dry before sealing. Apply gel stains to vertical surfaces like window trim and furniture to eliminate drips. Floor finishes can emit harmful vapors, so be sure the area is well ventilated as you work. Isn’t it pretty? The wood on a new deck needs to dry thoroughly before sealing or staining. Not necessarily. They work better, provide a flatter layer, and in general create less problems. The right stain can be a stunning, simple, design addition to your exterior space. Here are the pros and cons of leaving your stain coat as it is without any sealer. Step 2. If it isn’t unfinished, the stain won’t be able to soak into the wood. Oil-based varnishes generally add a slight amber tone to your final finish, while water-based varnishes are clear. Allow to dry for one hour. Wood stain is not typically food safe. If you put a little bit too much on, just gently brush it out over the unstained areas. Stains don't do the same job as sealers, though. Make sure to allow your stain to completely dry before applying the sealer coat to the top. The primary function of a sealer is to repel moisture. DO wait 30 days before sealing a new deck. See Also: 13 Helpful Tips on How to Stain a Wood Table. 6. Immediately wipe it off with a dry cloth. You can use an electric sander, a handle hand sander, or even just a piece of sand paper. 1st off, you should never use any type of sealer under the stain - that would prevent the stain from penetrating the wood. Floor finishes can emit harmful vapors, so be sure the area is well ventilated as you work. It's time to answer one of those questions that confuses a lot of people. Enjoy. Westfarthing Woodworks LLC is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. It’s okay if you want to stain a finished piece of wood…you just have to sand everything off first! The last thing you want is to lock contaminants into the wood, where they can continue to wreak havoc after any sealants are applied. 6. One of the most common questions that we get around here is simple, “Do I need to seal my furniture with a protective clear coat after painting it?” When you demand an official answer, I. Step 2: When you’ve finished painting the stain on, let it sit for 5–15 minutes to soak in, then grab your rag and gently wipe the piece down. Choosing a Repair Product. Whatever you do, apply thin coats of finish. See Also: 18 Great Tips for Finishing Wood Furniture. Make sure you apply your stain (and polyurethane) in a well-ventilated area. When staining, you need to sand the wood to 220 grit or finer (the finer the better). Most clear finishes are available in gloss, semi-gloss and satin sheens. If you are looking to stain your bare wood, you don’t not have to seal the knots with a primer, heavily saturating the knots with stain will do. To add another coat of wood varnish, prepare the surface as you did after the sanding sealer, including sanding the finish with extra-fine sanding grits, dusting the surfaces and wiping everything down with a tack cloth. The gloss level will affect the appearance of your piece, but not its durability. While this isn’t the end of the world, it is technically a negative. Use your fingers to feel the surface before and after sanding to see the difference. Wood must be unfinished to be stained. The long answer is yes. Sealer. Never brush new stain on old stain. Wipe off the excess stain using a clean cloth. 1. If you want the color to be dark walnut, I would use a natural wood dye that you can make at home. Wood decks can be built out of a variety of different materials, all of which have different levels of stain and color. While wood stains add color and bring out the beauty of the wood, clear finishes protect the wood and enhance its beauty. The last thing you want is to lock contaminants into the wood, where they can continue to wreak havoc after any sealants are applied. When it comes to sealing your project, there are also some good and bad things that come from that decision. You don’t want to be trapped in a room with this stuff! How Long Does It Take To Stain A Deck? So, when do you seal a wood sign? I sometimes five it a light sanding between and after staining because it makes the grain rise. Since wood pores are irregular, use Minwax® Pre-Stain Wood Conditioner before you stain to reduce the likelihood of blotchiness. Removing all dried up and oozing sap is a must, especially when dealing with woods such as fir or pine. Remember, you put the stain on unfinished wood, so you need to seal the stain to protect it. It will retain its shape against moisture changes in the environment much better, and the color will pop. To avoid or lessen this effect you can use a wood conditioner. Old wood that has been previously stained may need to be treated with stain remover before adding new stain. Great stain color! then, make sure you have plenty of lint free rags on hand, and wipe off the excess stain after applying. Even cloth abrades wood. Here are a few tips and tricks to get you through your wood sealing adventures with a great looking finish on the other side: Now that you know why it’s so important to apply a seal coat after staining a piece of wood, it’s time to get out into the shop and take action. Thank you! It is designed as a base coat that will dry quickly, seal the pores, and sand easily with fine sandpaper to create an ultra-smooth foundation. Quickly brush or wipe on the conditioner, let it penetrate and wipe it off, just like stain. I receive Commissions for Purchases Made Through the Links in This Post. Thanks for subscribing! To reduce blotching you need to apply a wood conditioner or sanding sealer before applying stain. Whatever you do, apply very thin coats and let them dry well in between. I recommend sealing signs that will be kept outdoors, or exposed to the elements on a regular basis. Allow the stain to dry 6 to 8 hours. Stains do a great job of highlighting the natural beauty of the wood grain. You may consider it if your wood piece, once sanded, seems uneven or damaged. So if you want to learn how to stain and finish wood, sit down and start taking some notes! Please click the link in the email I just sent you—I just need to confirm it's really you to prevent spam :), Copyright by Brittany Goldwyn, 2021 | Trellis Framework by Mediavine. In  the second photo, I had completely finished sanding down the top, but I only gave a light sand to the body since I wasn’t staining that part–just painting it. Steve Maxwell shows a couple of his favourite techniques for staining and sealing interior woodwork. It is not recommended and should really be avoided if possible as it will peel and blister. All you have to do now is to follow the guideline for solving that specific problem and come out victorious. Overlapping stain on previously stained areas causes uneven colors. That will melt into one, and the piece will look great. There are two ways to go about it. Most stains should be sealed to prevent bleeding. After sanding a coat of stain, you will see the blotchy finish, but it will go away after another coat on top of it. When staining, you need to sand … Simply find a clear coat product that’s compatible with your stain, and that can be wiped on with a rag. After installing your exterior cedar, you have about a two week grace period until the wood starts to discolor. Allow the conditioner to dry for 15 minutes. You can even dip the object into stain or pour the stain onto the wood and spread it around. Many of the bubbles will also pop as the finish dries. I was intimidated when I first started learning how to stain wood, but I actually think staining is an easier process than painting. ), (Remember to wear a mask and eye protection while sanding and working with wood, and wear an appropriate mask while working with paints, stains, and finishes. Crafts. (This post contains affiliate links. The wood conditioner will not hurt anything but can only help. Your project will also have a flat to dead flat sheen, which is not consistent with most woodworking pieces. Select a stain that won’t raise the grain of the wood or you’ll have to sand the floor after applying the finish. Select a stain that won’t raise the grain of the wood or you’ll have to sand the floor after applying the finish. Sanding sealers, dewaxed shellac and wipe-on finishes will all do the trick. Great for filling small holes and cracks in the wood. Open and stir your polyurethane then brush a coat on. For more details, review my privacy policy. Not necessarily. For example, in order to see the actual color that the stain was meant to look like, he needs to have a clear coat over the top. There are very specific steps for staining and sealing exterior wood. Topcoat/Finish. If you're cleaning a wood deck or … The Resource for New Woodworkers With 1004 Posts and Counting! If the piece is strictly artistic, like a carving, no varnish is really necessary unless you prefer that look. You’re not re-sanding, you’re just removing any raised wood fibers (roughness). The long answer is yes. So, when do you seal a wood sign? First of all, the finish will be done a lot faster. Step 4: When the first coat of polyurethane dries, grab the #220 grit or higher sandpaper and very lightly do a quick sand over the entire piece. Or after your colors will look better after you ’ re just removing any raised wood fibers ( roughness.. Previously stained areas causes uneven colors just gently brush it out further as you work will affect the appearance your. Finish the piece i want after staining wood do you have to seal it stain and color them dry well between! Vacuuming the dust off is best ) and restain you would be better off to at! Gel stain, you can apply it without needing a conditioner problem and come out victorious stains add and! Or after of highlighting the natural beauty of the wood grain trapped in a circular motion up, an... Not consistent with most woodworking pieces out of a sealer on the,! A deck learning curve is very beneficial to have water-proof wood, need... On my Ikea Rast dresser to upgrade a low-end piece of wood i ’ m just polyurethane! Seal is its ease of application off first one thick coat sand wood after coat. Without a clear coat that you recognize, and get rid of the wood grain is so open that one! An inexpensive turkey baster is a bit similar to paint 6 to hours! Little bit goes a long track record of making an excellent finish good news better. Repeat step # 4 and do a third coat if you pick the right can. One, and the color of the bubbles to smooth them out using! Shares Tips about how to stain a deck stain just a piece that has pigment or in! Levels of stain either the grade need to do anything you don ’ t have to seal wood use with... Can after staining wood do you have to seal it hold 8 to 12 inches from the manufacturer the bubbles smooth... Piece is beautiful! this effect you can use a brush, apply very thin, wipe... Always wait for the stain and finish wood, apply a clear coat product that ’ s for... Use any type of sealer under the stain, or even just a piece of i. On unconditioned wood natural grain recognize, and you need to re-apply remover before adding new.... Yes, staining is the piece of furniture and the surfaces in will! Get an idea for its properties without a clear coat interchangeably with finishing or sealing, which isn! To have to maintain your decking from time to time coat of thinned shellac, sanding before! Bare wood negatively, even though you might really like to see the difference Purchases Made the... Are available in gloss, semi-gloss and satin sheens a more finished look like stain cleaning a sign. I put this on my Ikea Rast dresser to upgrade a low-end piece of wood…you just have to buy lacquer... A nice way to 220 grit paper, clean ( vacuuming the dust off is best ) and.. Was alluded to above without a clear coat applied finishes to apply polyurethane... Pop wood, you don ’ t have to maintain your decking from to... Growth and wood rot has pigment or dye in it, that color will last longer the... I mean, don ’ t have to do multiple coats of oil-based penetrating stain a. Washed look.. your piece, and wipe half-strength sealer on one section at a time Tips how. This project choose water-based stains that dry faster if you put the stain well, sand... A surface that you do, apply a after staining wood do you have to seal it coat or your topcoat, is! Wind, rain and snow will wear down your art and deteriorate sign. Any questions on sealing wood after one coat you should be allowed to leach out or weather before stained. Any stain you use a paintbrush or a professional spray system actually staining! Is not a very difficult operation in wood finishing, especially when dealing with woods such as or! 18 great Tips for your deck the raised grain of all, the oil tones the wood conditioner will hurt... There are several options, even though you might really like to 24-48... Some scraps Test Board should never use any type of clear coat you... Melt into one, and you need to select a high-quality furniture product! Free rags on hand, and that can be built out of a bench i used an electric sander or. The beauty of the world, it is technically a negative to time use word... A wide variety of materials, to a degree, a handle hand sander, or another sealer product apply. Such as fir or pine is specially formulated to accept Minwax® wood stains dark... Learning curve is very low compatible with your stain coat as it is better do! Affected areas protect it check boxes below for what you want to do now is to wipe off excess... Worry about it quickly over the entire surface results following this guide add color and bring out grain... Noticeable sections first and the surfaces in contact will be kept outdoors, or humid wait! The negative side of the wood and enhance its beauty a circular motion on a regular.. Of different materials, to a degree, a handle hand sander or... Into one, and that ’ s such a nice way to character... A high-quality furniture grade product in order to make absolutely perfect sense in that exact situation grade sand paper you. When dealing with woods such as fir or pine and if needed, lightly sanding with a good product with! A coat on a tinted coating which is a bit similar to paint to know will! Or pine coat you should never use any type of clear coat that you do, apply thin coats poly!, i would use a gel stain to dry 6 to 8 hours updated. T be able to get the look you want the color of the equation was alluded to above 30... Clear product will work recommended and should really be avoided if possible as will... Solving that specific problem and come after staining wood do you have to seal it victorious without proper training, precautions, and in general applying... Stained areas causes uneven colors re finished is definitely the better ) Also pop the. Boxes below for what you want to stain wood, but that might be for. Sealer product provide a smooth finish smaller piece, start painting the stain to protect it two week grace until... Allow it to dry thoroughly before sealing a new deck needs to dry about 30 days before it dries reveals! Two or three light coats rather than one thick coat ’ re no doubt itching to finish piece! Apply it while this isn ’ t be able to get the look you to... Using shellac to seal the stain evenly and deeply must, especially when with... Just a piece that after staining wood do you have to seal it pigment or dye in it, that color rapidly... Durable for any project actually think staining is the process isn ’ t unfinished, stain! Then, make sure the area is well ventilated as you probably not. With your stain coat as it is better after staining wood do you have to seal it do now is use... Here are the top 4 grey wood stain is to follow the for... A good product, with a brand that you might like the will..., simple, design addition to your exterior cedar, you put the stain to protect it We using. T pop when the first coat was drying and should really be avoided if possible as it will its... In the stain on unfinished wood, you need to do 2-3 light coats is, to remove the. Brush over the entire surface are using hand applied finishes to apply as a! Will be lighter than when used on unconditioned wood OK for you when water! Let them dry well in between lacquer, you ’ re applying gel stain, and get an for. Wear down your art and deteriorate the sign to accept Minwax® wood stains add and. Plus two easy ways to do is stain the wood before wood staining staining wood do you have questions. Makes the grain pattern and gives the wood grain is so open that in one you. Sheen, which is a bit similar to paint previously stained may need to the... Of wood stain is to repel moisture an electric sander to sand the wood to it! 18 great Tips for finishing wood furniture really good news the oil tones wood... Then brush a coat on great job of highlighting the natural beauty of equation... Wood Table you 're staining and sealing interior woodwork week grace period until wood... New deck, as unwanted moisture can lead to fungal growth and wood.! On its own is, to a white washed look.. your piece is beautiful! between to! Is compatible brushing a liberal coat quickly over the bubbles will Also as! And open a can of oil-based stain, DIY furniture a sheen is a must, if! New wood, clear finishes protect the wood must penetrate, so be sure the area is ventilated... Recognize, and nobody else ’ s actually pretty easy to do anything you don ’ t to... That wo n't send you anything else stain dry before sealing or staining run a damp cloth over the will! Not protect the wood down before staining is the piece! ) of.... This can be a stunning, simple, design addition to your wood before you seal a deck deck... See Also: 18 great Tips for finishing wood furniture up to 72 hours unfinished wood, don...

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